In many large cities across the globe, thieves hunt travelers from the shadows.
They're waiting to catch them with their travel scams. Quite similar to a lion, stalking its prey on the Serengeti, thieves aim to blend into their surroundings while staring intently at their next victim. I had a first-hand experience of this phenomenon on a recent trip to Buenos Aires when my friends and I decided to take the metro. This prompted me to share my tips to avoid the common travel scams around the world and how you can avoid them.
Common Travel Scams
I was able to snag a seat, while the other two girls stood nearby chatting away in English. After five minutes, I noticed that the two men sitting right across from me were staring at them and the girls were completely oblivious. In the end, nothing happened, but it just goes to show that when abroad, many travelers are often being watched. That is why it is important to be aware of different common travel scams and know how to avoid them.
For more common travel scams, check out our post on Scams to watch out for in India
#1 Confuse the Traveller
The good news is that, akin to lions hunting for weakened gazelles, travelers can avoid being robbed by being aware of their surroundings. Thieves are willing to take risks, but they also calculate those risks. Simply put; if you are confident, aware and most importantly, sober traveler than they’ll probably move on to an easier target.
Easier targets for travel scams can include confused travelers, drunken messes and overly anxious first-timers that tend to clutch their valuables in order to protect them.
Crooked opportunists take many shapes and forms and while your time abroad will probably be spent incident free, it is vital to be prepared. Here is a list of common travel scams to make it easier for you to spot the danger signs and avoid any sticky situation:
#2 Fake Officials
Dave and Deb: When traveling you'd think that you should be able to trust the police or security. But every so often on trains and in the street you will come across fake officials who ask to see your documents. To get them back, they ask for a bribe. Don’t hand over your documents if you feel that something is fishy. Instead, ask them to take you to the police station where you will be happy to show your documents.
This scam can be the most unsettling because you should be able to trust the police or security. But often times, you will come across fake officials who ask to see your documents. To get them back, they ask for a bribe. Don’t hand over your documents if you feel that something is fishy. Instead, ask them to take you to the police station where you will be happy to show your documents.
On trains in India, we often had official looking gentlemen board the train complete with a notebook and official badge asking to see our tickets. When they looked at them, they said we were in the wrong class and asked for money. We fell for this once, but after another official came later, took look at our tickets, we realized we were just scammed.
Avoiding this scam can be tricky especially in a place like India where figuring out the train system is complicated. We often boarded the wrong compartment and had to pay an upgrade fee. We also knew that sometimes the trains are overbooked, but people don't show up, so taking the chance in 1st or 2nd class and paying an upgrade fee is possible.
The best way to avoid paying extra fees is to do your research. Ask the desk how much it is to upgrade on the train and know the full cost of the ticket before getting on. Officials will never ask for more money than they need.
#3 Bump and Grab
The most common travel scam is the bump and grab, where a thief or a gang of thieves distract you with a shove/bump and then proceed to lift your valuables from your pocket and/or purse. This method is most popular on the metro.
Victims of this method are often swarmed by several people who are pushing them, while at the same time, pick their pocket. Another trick is to grab the purse of someone standing/sitting near the door and get off the metro just as the doors are closing.
Also Read: Top Tips to Travel Health on the Road
The best way to avoid these travel scams is to be one step ahead of the thief. First, spread out all your valuables; never keep all your important documents, cards and/or your passport in one place. Second, never put a wallet or anything of value in either your front or back jean pocket. Furthermore, individuals should always opt for cross-body purses with zippers (no flimsy one button purses).
#4 Bus Scams
Some common travel scams include; a stranger helping you stow your bag above your seat while his accomplice pickpockets you or slashes your backpack. Another variation of this scam includes a Good Samaritan that was helping you stow you luggage suddenly takes off with your bag and/or hands it off to a runner near the front of the bus. The best way to avoid bus scams is to be extremely weary of overly helpful locals, never let your bags out of your sight, keep your most valuable possessions as close to you as possible and never allow strangers to touch or handle your bags.
#5 Counterfeit money
This type of travel scam is most common in restaurants and in cab rides. At the end of the meal/ride, you hand the employee a bill and he will claim that your bill is fake, return the bill to you and ask for a different type of payment. The problem is that you did end up giving him a real bill and while you weren’t looking he swapped the real bill with a counterfeit one.
To avoid this type of scam, make sure to familiarize yourself with the country’s currency before arrival, pay close attention when paying and use exact change when you can.
#6 ‘You have gunk on you’ Scam
There are two variations of this scam but it starts out with someone putting something, such as mustard or ketchup (there have been reports of human/animal feces being thrown at travelers), on your body. The thief will either smear something on your back or the substance will be thrown at you from an unknown location. Then, a seemingly innocent bystander will come to tell you that you have something on your back or offer you a tissue.
The point of this travel scam is to get you to take off your backpack, purse and/or camera. If someone tells you that you have something on your back, do not take off your backpack to check! Instead keep walking, ignore any Good Samaritans and only remove your bags when you are in a safe and secure location.
Check out: Lessons Learned from Being Mugged Abroad
#7 ATM Scams
Always use ATMs in reputable banks and if the ATM sucks in your card, refusing to give it back, then go into the bank immediately. In Chile, for example, many of the outside bank ATMs would require someone to scan their card to gain entrance into the ATM area and only one person was allowed inside at a time.
ATM skimmers can apply different methods in order to steal your card and relevant banking information. A skimmer is a device that can be attached to the mouth of an ATM and will secretly note down credit and debit card information when customers slip their cards into the machine.
Another method of this travel scam is to place a sticky or plastic slip inside of the slot, which will cause your card to get stuck in the machine. Once again, a Good Samaritan will be on hand to “help” you and might suggest that you call the phone number, often a fake number, on the machine for help. In the end, never give out your personal pin to anyone in person or on the phone. If you end up loosing your card, call your bank immediately and cancel the card.
#8 If It's Too Good to Be True, It is
Dave and Deb: We've fell for this travel scam. Someone offers you a ride for a price that seems too good to be true. You hop in the taxi or in Asia it is often a tuk tuk, and instead of taking you to your requested destination, your driver takes you all around the city stopping at gem dealers, carpet shops and tea houses.
You end up in the completely opposite direction of where you asked to go and the only way to get back is to appease them and go into all the shops wasting your day. The way to avoid this travel scam is to know the approximate amount of your cab fare before getting in the taxi. And if the price sounds too good to be true, it probably is.
More Travel Scams by Dave and Deb
#9. Prepaid taxis
This is one of the most common scams you will find throughout India. You have arrived at the airport or train station. You are exhausted and it is the middle of the night. Rickshaw and taxi drivers approach you before you barely have time to get off the platform and offer their services to take you to a hotel.
They will tell you that the prepaid booth is closed, or that there isn’t one there. Don’t let them pressure you. Take your time to look around and ask the right people where the prepaid taxi booth is. You will pay a fair price to your hotel of choice and avoid being overcharged or taken to the wrong destination.
#10 The Swarm
Similar to the distraction, the swarm sees you surrounded on a bus or subway by a group of people. It seems innocent enough. It’s crowded and they are moving around you to find a space. While people nudge and distract you, others rummage through your bags and take what they need.
Dave and I were victims of this in Namibia. The kind gentlemen squeezed closer into our seat while the bus filled up with people. We laughed with them as we acknowledge how tight the quarters were and didn’t notice until we left the bus that our shiny new camera was gone.
In the end, the best thing that you can do to avoid these travel scams is to be prepared. The internet should be your best friend, Google should be used religiously and you should never leave the house without proper travel insurance. Remember to be aware; be cautious, but most importantly have fun!
#11 The Ring
We had the ring scam happen to us in Paris. As you walk along a street, a ring falls on the ground in front of you, and then a woman runs to pick it up asking if it is yours. Honestly, I was tempted to say yes, I wish I did because when you say no, the “kind” passerby offers to sell it to you.
When you say you don’t want it, they keep badgering you until you hand over some money. A lot of scams happen around famous tourist sites like Notre Dame and Sacre Coeur, so always be on guard in any city’s popular tourist destinations.
#12 The Friendly Local
I hate to say ignore friendly locals. We’ve reached out to tourists in our hometown of Toronto to offer advice or directions, but I do suggest being aware that they may have alternative motives.
Often people will say they want to practice their English or learn about your country, but after you chat for a bit, they suggest that you come with them to their office or shop. You feel obligated to be nice to your new friend and soon find yourself in a high-pressure sales situation to buy art or jewelry.
#13 It's Closed Today
Many times you'll go to enter a tourist attraction and locals will tell you it's closed before you have a chance to see for yourself. Don't fall for this scam. They are going to talk you into another attraction that isn't as good and that they will get a kick back from. Always look and see for yourself. This is common in South East Asia.
#14 The Begging Baby
Young women will often approach in places like India with a baby in their hands. Often times, it is just a doll or a young girl given a baby by criminals to prey on the emotions of tourists. Don't give into this or help the criminal rings. If you want to give money, find a charity to give you instead. Don't give to kids on the street.
Have you ever been duped? Tell us what Common Travel Scams you've fell for around the world.
Author Contributor: A self-proclaimed travel fanatic, Yvonne Ivanescu has embarked on a number of unforgettable adventures across the globe. In 2012, Yvonne launched a website about travel, green living, food and fashion in South America. She will also be launching her own travel safety book in 2014. For more South American travel tips and safety tips, visit or follow her on and